Emerald (Panna)

EmeraldEmerald belongs to the beryl mineral family. Traces of chromium give emerald its green color-the same ele­ment that gives ruby its fiery redness. Other beryl miner­als include pale blue aquamarine, pink morganite, golden helidor and pale green beryl. Renowed for its incomparable colur, the emerald has been prized for millennia.

The color of a! true emerald has been described as the rich, translucent green of new grass glistening after a rain. The gem is also prized in the Vedas, the sacred texts of Hinduism and was worn as a sacred talisman. The vivid green of the emerald symbolizers spring and rebirth in many traditions. It also has strong ties to love-the ancient Romans dedicated the colour green to Venus, the goddess of love. In the Middle Ages, emerald was used to foresee the future, and also to protect against evil spirits .

The world center for emerald cutting, both in the past an'a today, is the Indian city of Jaipur.. Emeralds are considered one of the most difficult gemstones to cut. While they are extremely hard-harder than steel-they are also brittle and can easily crack or chip if not handled properly. The~ are also riddled with inclusions or microscopic impurities. It takes an expert eye to determine how the rough emerald should be oriented to maximize the beauty of its final appearance. They are most often fashioned in a rectangular step-cut, which suits the natural shape of the emerald crystal. This style is now known as the "emerald cut." Rather than bring out the sparkle of a stone, as in the case of the round "brilliant cut," the emerald cut focuses on the depth of the crystal, allowing you to appreciate the gem's color.

Practically all emeralds possess inclusions, giving them a soft, mossy internal appearance, which is known as their jardin ( from the French for garden).

Typically , emeralds ar fashioned in a step -cut-this is so common that the rectangular step cut is familiarly known as the ‘emerald cut’. The may fussures and inclusions in the stone mean that it is quite tricky to cut, making cut stones of more than two carates very expensive. There are specialist emerald cutters in both Jaipur, India and Tel Aviv , Israel, who devote theirlives’work to master the stone..

Today , synthetic emeralds are produced that imitate the colour of the best gems but without the inclusions that ‘fog’ the stone,yet most collectors maintain that artificial stones lack the depth and complexity that contribute to the natural beauty of a real emerald gem.


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